Spatial Demography -- Population Problems and Prospects

I.  Population Growth--the Problem

  1. Food Supply
  2. Status of Women
  3. Health Issues--not enough nutrients in food, lack of medical help
  4. Environmental Issues--deforestation, erosion, technology/chemicals

II.  World Population Growth--the Numbers

  1. Growth Rate:  177 million babies - 86 million deaths = 90 million or 230,000 per day
  2. Will the world stabilize at 10 billion?
  3. Millions vs. Billions

III.  Historical Impetuses to Population Growth

  1. Agricultural Revolution
  2. Industrial Revolution
  3. Urbanization and Sanitation
  4. Advances in Medicine
  5. Conquest and Colonization of New Lands
  6. Developing Countries

IV.  Checks on Population Growth

  1. Epidemics and Plagues
    --Bubonic Plague- 1348-1350, 1/4 of the population killed, 50% attrition in some towns, England loses 4 million people
  2. Famines
    1. Irish Potato Famine
    2. India and China
  3. Wars
  4. Natural Decrease

V.  Demographic Transition Theory

5 Stages:

  1. High Birth Rate, High Death Rate
  2. High Birth Rate, Declining Death Rate
  3. Declining Birth Rate, Low Death Rate
  4. Low Birth Rate, Low Death Rate
  5. Low rates with natural decrease--i.e. Scandinavian countries, Netherlands, Japan

VI.  Thomas Malthus

  1. Food Production increases linearly while population increases geometrically--the world will not have enough food to support itself 
  2. Technology Intervenes
  3. Is Malthus wrong for the future?
    1. World Watch Institute--Neo-Malthusians
      --India will pass China on exponential growth path
    2. A problem we will never escape--population will outdo technology

VII.  Policy Measures to prevent Population Growth

  1. How to diffuse the population bomb?
  2. The U.N. Population Conferences:
    1. 1974-Bucharest-China and USSR: Communist vs. Non-Communist with Communists pushing expansionist policy
    2. 1984-China institutes 1.0 child population policy
    3. 1994-Cairo-Christian and Islamic Fundamentalism do not want to impose control policies on other nations. Anti-control is usually anti-women.