Spatial Demography -- Disease Control Strategies

Disease Control
    I.  Policy Intervention: Spatial vs. Non-Spatial Strategies 

  1. Spatial Strategies
    1. Isolation
    2. Quarantine
    3. Cordon Sanitaire
  2. Non-Spatial Strategies
    1. Immunization/Vaccination
    2. Medicine

    II.  Control Strategies 

  1. Local Elimination--eliminate disease in your community
  2. Defensive Isolation--do not allow anyone infected into your community
  3. Offensive Containment
  4. Global Eradication--only way to totally eradicate a disease

    III.  Cultural Change and New Disease

--Examples:

    1. Legionnaires' Disease
    2. Lyme Disease
    3. Toxic Shock Syndrome

IV.  Control in the Future

  1. Spatial barriers will be less important because of connectivity and ease of travel
  2.       Rapid reporting and surveillance will allow for greater control
  3.   Mathematical models or Data Mining--look for space/time clustering regularities in massive amounts of data
  4.   Disease control is related to Socioeconomic Development
                  --1.1 billion of world's population is living in extreme poverty

    V.  Disease Surveillance  

  1.         Definition: Monitoring disease to provide factual data for intervention and planning
  2.   World Health Organization 
  3.   Center for Disease Control